4 Performance Inhibiting Drugs Your Organization Should Avoid Taking

For millions of people across the globe who have always admired Lance Armstrong and stood by him during the doping allegations, their unwavering support for the man who once inspired, entertained and encouraged them was dealt a big blow last week.

In a two-part live broadcast interview with Oprah Winfrey that was watched by an estimated 28million people worldwide on television and online platforms, the disgraced former cyclist and Tour de France seven-time winner admitted to cheating for years.

Armstrong admitted to taking performance-enhancing drugs throughout his storied cycling career and his confession ended years of often angry denials.

Before this high profile interview with Oprah, the former cyclist had been stripped off all the seven titles he won at the Tour de France and banned from athletic competition for life.

Armstrong has already lost over $75 million in sponsorship deals. With an estimated worth of $125 million, his liability is expected to be anything more than $100 million.

Amid all this frenzy surrounding Lance Armstrong, what can we learn about enterprise risk and performance management?

Though he took performance-boosting drugs, there are some performance-busting drugs within our businesses that we learn from Armstrong’s character and need wiping out of the system. These are:

1. A Defiant Drug

In his interview with Oprah, Armstrong continuously stated that he was always “defiant”. Some people outside and inside cycling knew that Armstrong was taking drugs and when they tried to reach out to him to help, he became rebellious towards them.

For example, when rumours of his drug taking started circling around, Armstrong lashed out at his accusers, both in the media and lawsuits. He became unmanageable and boldly resisted authority.

Performance improvement is about embracing change. It’s not about adopting a ruthless and relentless “win-at-all” costs attitude that Armstrong adopted. So often we work with peers who always want to use shortcuts to improve organizational performance.

When you try to show them the right way of doing things, they throw up their tantrums at you. As a leader or team player, it is very important that you accept help when it is being offered to you.

Don’t assume that because you have achieved ABC in the past you are all-knowing, difficult or intractable.

2. A Command And Control Drug:

Throughout his storied cycling career, Armstrong admitted to being a “bully.” He was always commanding and in control. Whatever he said had to be done. It was his way or never.

It’s a shame that in today’s corporate world, we still have leaders leading by the stick and carrot approach. They bully around their subordinates, are dismissive of them and prone to new ideas.

The enterprise risk and performance management field is evolving. New technologies and methodologies such as predictive analytics, strategy maps, demand forecasting, customer profitability analysis, activity-based costing, product and channel profitability analysis, value based management, scorecards, performance prism, dynamic pricing and driver-based resource capacity planning help drive business performance yet leaders are happy with the status quo.

There has to be a shift in mindsets of leaders. Old practices of doing things will not continue to deliver the desired results. They might work for now but sooner or later they are bound to falter.

Had Armstrong listened to his peers about alternative ways of enhancing his performance instead of taking drugs, today he would not be in the same situation he finds himself in.

Some leaders are still crying of poor performance yet still they are not willing to listen and take advice of their knowledgeable subordinates. They are scared of empowering other people resulting in flawed decision making processes.

3. Silo Risk Management Drug

Overcoming silos is seen to be the biggest challenge to enterprise risk management programs. Armstrong was never a good risk manager. He didn’t find any wrong in doping and cheating all those years he cycled and never did it cross his mind that one day he would get caught.

As the old saying goes, “Two wrongs don’t make one right”, Armstrong boldly stated that cheating was the culture of the sport but what he didn’t realize is the fact “majority don’t always rule.”

He became so comfortable to the extent that he never imagined the consequences if ever he was to get caught. If he did consider the consequences, he never envisioned the scale.

In addition to financial loss and tarnished reputation, there was more at risk. For example, the people he so dearly cared for were deeply hurt. During the interview, Armstrong confessed that his mum, children and friends were a complete wreck because of his actions.

In business so many decisions are made without any hindsight of what can go wrong and the losses that might be incurred afterwards. Business leaders focus more on the financial risks and completely leave out non-financial risks.

They do not weigh the impact of their decisions on the society, environment, personnel etc. It’s high time leaders take a holistic view of the entire risks affecting their organizations.

Risk management should be aligned with strategy and integrated with performance management. The micro and macro environment is rapidly changing and so are the risks hence it’s suicidal for any leader to remain in his comfort zone.

4. Deception Drug

You can lie over and over again but the truth will always come out. For years, Armstrong lied and misled everyone but eventually he was caught. He was focused more on the short term results than long term effects.

According to USADA:

“Armstrong bullied teammates into doping while overseeing the most sophisticated, professionalized and successful doping program that sport has ever seen.”

No matter how good you orchestrate your plan, someone smarter than you is bound to find those missing links and close the gap. Effective risk and performance management is about being ethical, professional, having good morals and being a person of high integrity.

As a cowboy accountant or finance professional, you can play around with figures and report exceptional results to shareholders and other stakeholders hoping that the truth will not come out, but it will.

Take for instance all those rogue traders who have lost their banks billions of dollars in unauthorized trades or companies that tried to hide their loses on their balance sheets.

When they started incurring the loses and covering up their tracks, they succeeded for a while but they never thought that their doomsday will come. The day certainly came and the consequences were devastating.

Leadership requires the courage to make decisions that will benefit the next generation. – Alan Autry

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Leading in Uncertain Times

One of the biggest challenges facing business leaders today is making the right decisions that will ensure their organizations succeed, survive, and remain competitive in an increasingly uncertain and complex environment.

A recent post, The best way to lead in uncertain times may be to throw out the playbook, by Strategy+Business has several good points.

The article is about the COVID-19 pandemic, how global companies navigated through the crisis, and how best to prepare for future disruptions. Here are some key points and my comments.

  • Rather than follow a rigid blueprint, executives must help organizations focus on sensing and responding to unpredictable market conditions.
    • Comment: Senior leaders play a vital role in providing clarity about the organization’s strategic direction, creating alignment on key priorities to ensure the achievement of enterprise objectives, and ensuring the business model is continuously evolving to create and capture value in the face of uncertainty. They must not rest on their laurels and stick to the beliefs and paradigms that got them to where they are today and hope they will carry them through tomorrow. Regulatory changes, new products, competition, markets, technologies, and shifts in customer behavior are upending many outdated assumptions about business success. Thus, the businesses you have today are different from the ones you will need in the future hence the importance of continuously sensing changes in the global economy. Employees and teams often feed off the energy of their leaders and tend to focus their attention where the leader focuses attention. If the leader is comfortable with current business practices and rarely embraces the future or challenges the status quo, then the team is highly likely to follow suit.
  • When it became clear that supply chains and other operations would fracture, organizations began scenario planning to shift production sources, relocate employees, and secure key supplies.
    • Comment: Instead of using scenario planning to anticipate the future and prepare for different outcomes, it seems most of the surveyed organizations used scenario planning as a reactionary tool. Don’t wait for a crisis or a shift in the market to start thinking about the future. The world is always changing. As I wrote in The Resilient Organization, acknowledge that the future is a range of possible outcomes, learn and develop capabilities to map out multiple future scenarios, develop an optimal strategy for each of those scenarios, then continually test the effectiveness of these strategies. This does not necessarily mean that every change in the market will impact your business. Identify early warnings of what might be important and pay closer attention to those signals. In other words, learn to separate the signals from the noise.
  • The pandemic forced the organization’s senior management team to re-examine how all decisions were made.
    • Comment: Bureaucracy has for a very long time stood in the way of innovation and agility. To remain innovative and adapt quickly in a fast-changing world, the organization must have nimble leadership and an empowered workforce where employees at all levels can dream up new ideas and bring them to life. Identifying and acting on emerging threats and potential opportunities is not the job of the leader alone but every team member. To quote Rita McGrath, in her book Seeing Around Corners, she writes, “Being able to detect weak signals that things are changing requires more eyes and ears throughout the organization. The critical information that informs decision-making is often locked in individual brains.” In addition to the internal environment, the leader must also connect with the external environment (customers, competitors, regulators, and other stakeholders), looking for what is changing and how.
  • It’s worthwhile for leaders of any team to absorb the lessons of sense-respond-adapt, even if there is no emergency at hand.
  • Sensing: Treat the far-flung parts of your enterprise as listening stations. The question leaders must ask is, “What are we learning from our interactions beyond the usual information about costs and sales?” Train your people to listen for potentially significant anomalies and ensure that important information is not trapped in organizational silos.
    • Comment: Cost and sales data are lagging indicators that reveal the consequences or outcomes of past activities and decisions. Although this information can help leaders spot trends by looking at patterns over time, it doesn’t help understand the future and inform what needs to be done for the numbers to tell a different story. In addition to lagging indicators, pay attention to current and leading indicators and understand the relationship between these indicators and outcomes.
  • Responding: Improve communication across intra- and inter-organizational boundaries. Leaders should view business continuity as an essential function that acts as connective tissue for the enterprise.
    • Comment: In addition to creating mechanisms that allow the free flow of information both inside and outside the organization, decision-makers should also be comfortable receiving information that challenges their personal view of the world, even if it’s not what they want to hear. Create a culture of psychological safety where people are not afraid to share bad news for fear of getting punished, but rather are acknowledged and rewarded for speaking up. Leveraging the diversity of thought enables leaders to anticipate the future as an organization, decide what to do about it collectively, and then mobilize the organization to do what’s necessary.
  • Adapting: Challenge assumptions, and question orthodoxies. There’s always the temptation to mitigate threats simply by applying existing practices harder and faster. One way to get at those deeper issues and encourage double-loop learning is to ask, “What needs to be true for this to be the right approach?”
    • Comment: In an increasingly uncertain environment, it’s difficult to survive and thrive with an old business model or outdated technologies. Many businesses fail because they continue doing the same thing for too long, and they don’t respond quickly enough and effectively when conditions change. As a leader, stay curious and connected to the external environment, look for market shifts, understand what needs to be regularly refreshed and reimagined, adopt new technologies and capabilities, and adapt in ordinary times but also during times of transition. Unfortunately for many leaders, it’s just more convenient for them to continually downplay the fact that conditions are changing than take the appropriate course of action that drives business success.

How are you preparing your organization for potential future disruptions?

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The Collaborative Organization

These days the term collaboration has become synonymous with organizational culture, creativity, innovation, increased productivity, and success.

Let’s look at the COVID-19 pandemic as an example. At the peak of the crisis, several companies instructed their workers to adopt remote working as a health and safety precautionary measure.

Two years into the pandemic, they are now asking their employees back to the office full time or are planning to adopt a hybrid model.

The need to preserve our collaborative culture and accelerate innovation are two of the top benefits being cited by organizational and team leaders for bringing workers back.

Collaboration is indeed essential for the achievement of team goals, functional objectives, and the overall success of the organization.

Today’s breakthrough innovations are emerging from many interacting teams and collaborative relationships.

When teams, functions, and organizations collaborate, the whole is greater than the sum of its parts; group genius emerges, and creativity unfolds.

But, what makes a successful collaboration? What are the key enabling conditions?

  • It extends beyond the boundaries of the organization. Business success is a function of internal and external relationships. Instead of viewing your business in vacuo, understand that you are part of an ecosystem. External to your organization, who do you need to partner with to enhance your value creation processes, achieve/exceed your objectives, or successfully execute your strategy?
  • Ensure the objectives are clear and there is shared understanding by everyone. Unclear objectives are one of the topmost barriers to team and organizational performance.
  • Foster a culture that encourages opinions and ideas that challenge the consensus. People should feel free to share their ideas and not hold back for fear of others penalizing them or thinking less of them. Collaboration is hindered when one or two people dominate the discussion, are arrogant, or don’t think they can learn anything from others.
  • Groups perform more effective under certain circumstances, and less effective under others. There is a tendency to fixate on certain topics of discussion amongst groups which often leaves members distracted from their ideas. To reduce the negative effects of topic fixation, members of the group should be given periods to work alone and switch constantly between individual activity and group interaction.
  • Effective collaboration can happen if the people involved come from diverse backgrounds and possess complementary skills to prevent conformity. The best collective decisions or creative ideas are often a product of different bodies of knowledge, multiple opinions, disagreement, and divergent thought processes, not consensus or compromise.
  • New technologies are making collaboration easier than ever, enabling us to increase our reach and broaden our network. Although new technology helps, it will not make your organization collaborative without the right culture and values in place. First, define what you want to achieve through collaboration then use these tools to promote creative collaboration.

How else are you championing collaboration within your organization to create value and succeed?

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Preparing for Geopolitical Shocks

Geopolitical instability has steadily increased over the past years, and uncertainty in the global economy is at an all-time high. Thanks to globalization and advances in technologies, we now live and work in a tightly interconnected world, one in which the boundaries that previously separated domestic from global issues have disappeared.

Threats are no longer confined to traditional political borders, social structures, and geographic boundaries. Geopolitical shifts have dramatically altered the global economic landscape and brought politics and business together.

The rise of China as an economic and politically influential power has threatened the dominance of the United States as the world’s largest economy. Although the opening of China and a market of 1.4 billion people have benefited both countries, it has also intensified competition and sparked U.S. economic and technological espionage accusations against China, leading to strained relations between the two giants.

U.S. companies operating from China have felt the impact of this tense relationship. The opposite is true for Chinese companies in the U.S.

Across Europe, national populism is on the rise and now a serious force. In 2016, the United Kingdom shocked the world when it voted to leave the European Union, generating reverberating effects across markets.

Banks and financial services companies that once benefited from the EU passporting system have had their cross-border banking and investment services to customers and counterparties in the many EU Member States impacted, causing them to reimagine their value proposition models.

The recent invasion of Ukraine by Russia is another example of a geopolitical event that has had devastating effects on human livelihood and businesses. Although the conflict between the two countries has risen over the years, I think it’s fair to say that few political analysts, governments, and businesses predicted a war to happen.

The war has created a humanitarian crisis, rattled global commodity and energy markets, caused prices to soar, and forced many international companies to temporarily suspend their Russian activities or completely cut ties with the country.

Global supply chains which are already fragile and sensitive due to the COVID-19 pandemic are now facing new challenges in the aftermath of the Russia-Ukraine crisis. Multilateral economic sanctions have been imposed on Russia. A state of affairs that was unthinkable months ago and is now threatening to derail the nascent global economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Given the global domino effect of geopolitical events and the shrinking of the distance between markets and politics, the need to better understand and more effectively mitigate geopolitical risk has become more urgent. The business impacts, whether direct or indirect, vary by company type and industry sector.

Your company may not be able to prevent wars between nations, but you can anticipate and better prepare for geopolitical shocks:

  • Integrate strategy, risk, and performance decision-making. Consideration of risks to business success is an important part of the strategy selection and execution process, not an afterthought.
  • Develop a better understanding of geopolitical trends and how they are changing. For example, what are the megatrends in business, politics, and technology that are making geopolitical risks more diverse, prevalent, and consequential?
  • Assess the links between these geopolitical events and business performance. What are the events that matter most to your business? For example, how might current global political trends pose physical, business, and reputational risks to your parent organization?
  • Anticipate how these trends are likely to play out in the short, medium, and long terms, and develop mitigation strategies for each geopolitical scenario. Proactively anticipate and plan for radically different worlds, instead of reacting to problems as they arise
  • Review your mitigation strategies as the world changes. Are they effective enough in case of a major shock?
  • Develop capabilities for continuous learning to anticipate, address, and recover from geopolitical crises.

What do you think?

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